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Greenhouse Gases

ECI personnel have been intimately involved with the development and documentation of greenhouse gases for over 30 years. ECI personnel have consulted directly to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the United States Department of Energy (DOE) the two most instrumental agencies/departments within the United States government for documentation and policy development of greenhouse gas emissions.

 ECI greenhouse gases services:

  • Domestic and International facility wide determinations of greenhouse gas emissions;

  • Process evaluations and greenhouse gas calculations;

  • Greenhouse gas reporting and monitoring plans;
  • Municipal drinking water and wastewater treatment evaluations and greenhouse gas calculations;

  • Landfill and bio-mass determinations of greenhouse gas emissions;

  • Vehicle and motorway/roadway determinations of greenhouse gas emissions;

  • Reduction of facility wide and process greenhouse gas emissions, strategy development and cost analysis studies and implementation;

  • Manufactured products life cycle analysis; and
  • Alternative fuels analysis.

Pursuant to 40 CFR Part 98 and international protocols, ECI has developed greenhouse gas monitoring plans for various industrial facilities including development of complex mathematical models to calculate greenhouse gases. ECI has provided greenhouse gas emissions calculations for numerous private companies, municipal and government clients throughout the United States and the world. ECI has conducted surveys for greenhouse gas emissions from potable water supply (i.e., drinking water) and wastewater treatment facilities throughout the United States and has shared these results with the EPA. ECI’s survey results may impact the emission factors used by the EPA and DOE regarding their carbon footprint calculations for these utilities in the future.

ECI personnel are familiar with virtually all “smoke stack” processes used today and the appropriate methods used to calculate greenhouse gases and other emissions from these stationary sources. ECI personnel have provided support nationwide and internationally for manufacturing processes related to cement, iron and steel, lime, pulp and paper, aluminum, copper, lead, zinc, steam and power generation, pharmaceutical, petrochemical, chemical, and petroleum products; and for the treatment of industrial, hazardous, municipal, radioactive, mixed, pathological, and medical waste. ECI personnel are expert in combustion, thermal treatment, destruction removal efficiency, and air pollution control (APC) technology with expertise in virtually all types of treatment, including thermal oxidation, thermal desorption, thermal/catalytic destruction, and vitrification. ECI personnel have researched, engineered, and patented a fluid and solid waste thermal treatment system; led the development of combustion equilibrium analysis computer software, including a model to size off-gas and APC equipment; participated in EPA’s Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation program; supported the development of cogeneration and waste to energy facilities; supported the privatization and transfer/sale of large groups of power plants; provided specifications for mobile & stationary incinerators; and provided troubleshooting and problem resolution for waste-derived fuel and related fuel burning systems in boilers and cement kilns.

In addition, ECI has developed vehicle emissions (i.e., greenhouse gases) guidance and testing for the World Bank. ECI provided an emissions reduction and control strategy for three cities in Northern China. The 300 page document was the result of a 2-year study that provided strategies for reducing vehicle (i.e., greenhouse gases) emissions. The final report contained proposed regulations and standards for inspections, certification & registration, testing, and operations of motor vehicles; alternate energy/fuel sources for motor vehicles; road and traffic designs to reduce air emissions; and an overall guideline to reduce air emissions from private and fleet motor vehicles. The motor vehicle emissions control strategy report that totaled over 300 pages was well accepted by numerous China based stakeholders (i.e., mostly government agencies) and the World Bank personnel directly involved in the project.

ECI developed the extensive environmental work plan for the private bridge to link Buffalo, New York with Fort Erie, Ontario. One of the major concerns for the environment is the mobile source emissions (i.e., greenhouse gases and other emissions) from vehicle traffic and traffic patterns. ECI developed the work plan using both the United States and Canadian regulations and guidance for this very extensive and internationally recognized project. Throughout the work plan potential mitigation measures were identified and those applicable would be selected for implementation. The complexity of the environmental issues were addressed in the work plan and the agencies and procedures were identified so that once the environmental studies were completed and potential mitigation measures implemented the result would be that the United States and Canadian authorities would award the proper permits to ECI’s client and bridge operator/owner.

ECI provided valuable information to the Liaoning Urban Transportation Project [LUTP, (Liaoning Province, The People’s Republic of China)] personnel including training at The Capital District Transportation Authority (CDTA) in Albany, NY which installed remote-controlled (i.e., driver activated radio-controlled) traffic light controllers in transit buses.  These devices allow bus drivers to initiate signal changes to assure efficient passage of transit buses through urban traffic.  These devices have potential benefits to commuters on public transportation, as bus travel remains efficient in lieu of traffic congestion.  An additional benefit with this system would be realized in the potential reduction in air emissions from transit buses due to more efficient travel (i.e., reduced idle time, accelerations, and decelerations). The emissions benefits of driver-controlled traffic signals include reduced idle time, reduced accelerations, reduced decelerations, and resultant reduced grams per mile air emissions.  Reducing idle time, of transit buses has a direct benefit on emissions because bus trips are effectively shorter and the vehicle motor will presumably be turned off sooner.  In addition, reducing the number of accelerations and decelerations of transit buses at traffic lights will have a significant impact by reducing air emissions.  Previous studies have indicated that reducing stop and go accelerations/decelerations can significantly reduce emissions from a vehicle.

Life cycle analysis for textile products was the focus of a study for a company that imported clothing and bedding from: India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, China, and Cambodia. ECI evaluated the environmental impact from manufacturing of textiles containing 60% polyester and 40% cotton transported by cargo ship to San Francisco, CA and then by railroad/car to the destination of 10 facilities in the United States. The textiles were used/consumed over a period of time and then re-used as rags after which they were then disposed of in a landfill. ECI developed the life cycle analysis, the carbon footprint, and the impact to the environment for this client.



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